Saturday, June 27, 2009

蕭慶倫(William Hsiao)博士

Professor Dr. William Hsiao(蕭慶倫博士)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

William C. Hsiao (born January 17, 1936), an American economist, is the K.T. Li Professor of Economics[1] at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, Massachusetts. He is internationally recognized for his work on health care financing and social insurance.

Professor Hsiao is a graduate of Ohio Wesleyan University and received his Ph.D from Harvard University in Economics. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, the Society of Actuaries, the National Academy of Social Insurance, and holds several honorary degrees.

Professor Hsiao was born in Beijing, China and emigrated to the United States as a teenager, where his father was an economic advisor to the Kuomintang (KMT) delegation to the United Nations. He grew up in Forest Hills, located in the New York City borough of Queens, and attended New York public schools. Following graduation from college, Professor Hsiao began his career as an actuary for Connecticut General Life Insurance Co. in Hartford CT, which was a predecessor company to CIGNA. Following this corporate stint, Professor Hsiao moved to Washington DC and was employed as an actuary to the Social Security Administration in 1968. When the Chief Actuary of the SSA resigned, Professor Hsiao was appointed the acting Chief Actuary in 1970. During this time, the Social Security Administration was roiled by efforts by the United States Congress to reform the social security system and maintain its solvency. Professor Hsiao headed up two blue-ribbon panels and testified several times before Congress regarding the actuarial viability of the system under the funding mechanisms in place. Eventually, in 1977, the Congress passed and President Jimmy Carter signed into law one of the most comprehensive legislative efforts to bolster the Social Security system.

Following this government service, Professor Hsiao commenced studies at the Harvard University Institute of Government, which later became the John F. Kennedy School of Government. He then entered the Ph.D program in the Department of Economics at Harvard University. His doctoral thesis was advised by Martin Feldstein, who later was Chair of the Council of Economic Advisors under President Ronald Reagan. Professor Hsiao was appointed to the faculty of the Harvard School of Public Health as an Assistant Professor in 1979. He became a full professor in 1986. He was appointed to the K.T. Li chaired professorship in 1992, named for the Taiwanese policy-maker Kwoh-Ting Li.

Among his many contributions to the fields of health care economics, policy, and social insurance was a landmark study called the Resource-Based Relative Value Study or RBRVS which examined the United States system of reimbursing physicians for medical services. RBRVS led to a series of articles published in the New England Journal of Medicine, one of the first times the prestigious journal had devoted an entire issue to articles on one subject. RBRVS led to a revolutionary reordering of physician reimbursement payments under Medicare (United States) Part B which was passed by Congress and signed into law in 1989. Later, Professor Hsiao conducted studies of the social insurance and medical payment systems of a vast array of foreign countries, including Singapore, Cyprus, Taiwan, Canada, South Africa, the People's Republic of China, and Hong Kong. He is considered one of the world's foremost experts on health care economics and financing and regularly advises U.S. government agencies, foreign governments and non-governmental organizations such as the World Bank, UNICEF, and the World Health Organization."[2]

Professor Hsiao's recent studies include a demonstration project of a micro-health insurance plan in rural provinces in China. The program was highlighted in the Wall Street Journal.
Professor Hsiao is known for his lively and humorous lectures, and he has been awarded teaching awards by Harvard graduate students on several occasions. He resides in Cambridge, Massachusetts with his wife, Ruth, a former lecturer at Tufts University. He has two sons and two grandchildren.

1. ^ [1]
2. ^ Saltus, Richard. [2] Harvard Public Health Review Fall 2006.
• Program in Health Care Financing Website
• William Hsiao Harvard Website
• Wall Street Journal Article featuring rural health project

萧庆伦博士是哈佛公共卫生学院卫生经济学教授。萧教授 拥有哈佛大学经济学博士学位,并且他也是一个具有资格 并有广泛经验的保险统计精算师。他的研究集中于为卫生 系统的成功或失败在诊断起因上提供一个卫生经济分析 框架。他担任了许多国家和地区的顾问为卫生改革提供咨 询。这些国家和地区包括哥伦比亚、波兰、中国、中国台湾、 中国香港、瑞典、塞浦路斯和南非。萧教授担任了三位美国总 统的顾问和美国国会卫生与社会保险政策的顾问。他出版 了超过一百五十篇论文和好几本书。萧教授被选举为美国 医学院,国家科学院和社会保险学院的院士,并且担任世界银行,世界卫生组织和 国际货币基金组织顾问。

Professor Dr William Hsiao is acknowledged as world authority in health care financing and social insurance. He is also an actuary.

Professor 's ancestor is from the Xiao family from Jiangxi(江西省萧氏).

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